Elaine A. Borawski, Ph.D.
Angela Bowen Williamson Professor in Community Nutrition
Office: 4th Floor, BioEnterprise Building
- Postdoctoral Training (1992-1995), Public Health/Gerontology, University of Michigan
Ph.D., 1992, Sociology, Case Western Reserve University
M.A., 1989, Sociology, Case Western Reserve University
MA, 1983, Gerontology, University of South Florida
- Research Interests
- Health Behavior Intervention (HIV prevention, obesity and diet modification, physical activity, tobacco prevention); adolescent health (teen pregnancy prevention); survey methodology; health status measurement; outcome-based community evaluations; community-based participatory research.
- Courses Taught
- EPBI 592: Population-Based Data Collection Methods: Year-long, mini-course series that engages students in the development of a population-based study from idea development to data collection, field operations, data management, data analyses and finally, data dissemination.
- Professional Activities
- President, American Academy of Health Behavior
Chair, Graduate Education Committee, Dept. of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Permanent Member, CTSC Scientific Review Committee, Case Western Reserve University
National Board Member, American Academy of Health Behavior
Standing Member, Behavioral and Social Science Approaches to Preventing HIV/AIDS (BSPH) Study Section, National Institutes of Health (2005-2009)
Co-Director, Community Partnership Core, Cleveland Clinical and Translational Science Collaborative.
Member, Behavioral Measurement Core Facility Advisory Board, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center. CWRU.
Reviewer: American Journal of Public Health, American Journal of Health Behavior, Journal of Adolescent Health, Health Education and Behavior, American Journal of Health Education.
- Current Funding (as Principal Investigator)
- CWRU Prevention Research Center for Healthy Neighborhoods. Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 10/1/2009-9/30/2014. Description: This five year grant supports the establishment of the CWRU Prevention Research Center for Healthy Neighborhoods (PRCHN), one of the newest PRCs in the national network supported by the CDC. The major goals of this PRCHN are to foster rigorous community-based prevention research between faculty, students, fellows and community partners, to build community capacity for conducting and engaging in prevention and health promotion research and to publish local health data. Core research project focuses on increasing healthy food options in urban, food scare neighborhoods. Website: www.prchn.org
Impact of the We Run This City Marathon Program. Funded by the YMCA of Greater Cleveland, St. Lukes Foundation, Sisters of Charity Foundation, Mt. Sinai Foundation and Medical Mutual. 9/1/2007-8/31/2010. Description: This evaluation study examines the effectiveness of a 12-week, school-based running program where students accumulate 25 miles of conditioning work over 14 weeks and then run the last 1.2 miles of the Cleveland Marathon to complete the program. Study examines change in physical measurements (BMI, body fat, blood pressure, speed/endurance) and self-reported attitudes, intentions and behaviors (i.e, recreational choices, intentions to be active, physical fitness competency, as well as school-related outcomes, such as school attachment, grades & attendance). Self‐report data collected on audio‐ supported PDAs. Data collected just prior to the beginning of training and one week post‐race (~12 weeks). Website: http://www.clevelandymca.org/programs/marathon.html and http://prchn.org/marathon
The Cuyahoga County Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Funded by the Cuyahoga County Board of Health/Ohio Children and Family Health Services. 7/1/2009- 6/30/2010 (subcontract is renewed annually). Description: This funding supports the annual administration of the Cuyahoga County Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), a survey based on the Ohio and National YRBS (uses core questions) that allows for annual middle and high school adolescent risk behavior assessment.
Evaluation of the Brecksville-Broadview Heights CAPA. Funded by Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Description: This project examines the impact of a community-driven and school/community-based program to decrease teenage alcohol use and influence parental behavior by decreasing “parents who host” alcohol supported activities.
Evaluation of For Keeps: Impact of Program Intensity, Dosage and Facilitator Type among Middle School Students. Funded by Operation Keepsake through subcontract from DHHS Administration on Children, Youth and Families. 9/1/2006 – 8/31/2011. Description: Group randomized trial, with 18 schools paired according to location, racial and SES composition of student and teachers and then within each pair, randomly assigned to treatment or control arms of the intervention. Students are assessed on both cognitive variables considered to mediate behavior change (i.e, knowledge, efficacy, values, beliefs, social norms, intentions) and behavioral outcomes (i.e., sexual activity, condom use and rate of unprotected sex).
The Community Research Partnership Core (CRPC) of the Cleveland Clinical and Translational Science Collaborative (CTSC). PI: Dr. Pam Davis. ROLE: Co-Director with Dr. Ash Sehgal. Description: The CRPC includes a number of innovative activities aimed at developing and enhancing relationships between Cleveland community residents and organizations with area researchers interested in community research. Part of the vision of this core is to help empower community residents in research activities. Community residents and organizations are viewed as researchers as well and are provided with opportunities to develop new projects and ideas. The goal is to engage the community in research projects from their inception, and to educate researchers, residents, and organizations about the benefits of community engagement.
Post-Baccalaureate Research Education Program (PREP) PI: Dr. Alison Hall. ROLE: Evaluator. Funded by the MARC Branch of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences. Description: The PREP Program is designed to support recent underrepresented minority or disadvantaged college graduates who are preparing for a career in biomedical research. The program offers a paid research experience with seasoned investigators in active and dynamic laboratories.
- Select Publications
- Andreias, L., Borawski, E., Schluchter, M, Taylor, HG, Klein,N., Hack, M. (2009). Neighborhood Influences on the Academic Achievement of Extremely Low Birthweight Children. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 25: 275-83.
Borawski, E., Brooks, A., Colabianchi, N., Trapl, E., Przepyszny, K., Shaw, N., Danosky, L. (2010). Adult use of cigars, little cigars, and cigarillos in Cuyahoga County, Ohio: A cross-sectional study Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2010; doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntq057
Koontz, M., Cuttler, L., Palmert, M., O’Riordan, M.,Borawski,E., McConnel, J., Kern. E. (2010). Validation of a Questionnaire to Assess Carbohydrate and Insulin-Dosing Knowledge in Youth with Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 33:457-62.
Borawski, E., Trapl., E. Goodwin, M., Adams-Tufts, K, Hayman, L., Cole, M., Lovegreen, L. (2009) Taking Be Proud! Be Responsible! to the Suburbs: A Replication Study. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 41(1):12–22.
Bell, S., Newcomer, S., Bachrach, C., Borawski, E., Jemmott, J., Morrison, D., Stanton, B., Tortolero, S., Zimmerman, R. (2007).Challenges in Replicating Interventions. Journal of Adolescent Health. 40 (6): 514-520.
Colabianchi, N, Ievers-Landis, C., Borawski, E. (2006). Weight Preoccupation as a Function of Observed Physical Attractiveness: Ethnic Differences Among Normal-Weight Adolescent Females Jour of Ped Psychology 31 (8), 803-812.
Ievers-Landis, C., Greenley, R., Burant, C., Borawski, E. (2006). Cognitive social maturity, life change events, and health risk behaviors among adolescents: development of a structural equation model. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp 111-120.
Trapl, E., Borawski, E., Stork, P., Lovegreen, L., Cole, M., Colabianchi, N. (2005). Use of Audio-Enhanced Handheld Computers for School-Based Data Collection. Journal of Adolescent Health. 37 (4): 296-305.
Al-Zahrani, M., Borawski, E., Bissada, N., (2005). Health-Enhancing Behaviors: Normal Weight, Recommended Level of Exercise and High Quality Diet. Journal of Periodontology. 76 (8): 1362-1366.
Borawski, E., Trapl, E., Lovegreen, L., Colabianchi, N., Block, T. (2005) Effectiveness of Abstinence-Until- Marriage Sex Education among Middle School Adolescents. Amer. Journal of Health Behavior. 29(5):423- 43.
Jia, H, Muennig, P., Borawski, E. (2004). Comparison of small area analyses techniques for estimating county-level outcomes. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 26 (5), 453-460.
Hack, M., Youngstrom, E., Carter, L., Schluchter, M., Taylor, G., Flannery, D., Klein, N., Borawski, E. (2004). Behavioral Outcomes and evidence of psychopathology among very low birth weight infants at age 20 years. Pediatrics. 114 (4). 932-940.
Borawski, E., Landis, C., Lovegreen, L., Trapl, E. (2003). Parental monitoring, negotiated unsupervised time, and parental trust: The role of perceived parenting practices in adolescent health risk behaviors. Journ of Adol Health. 33: 60-70.
Al-Al-Zahrani, M.,Bissada, N., Borawski, E. (2003). Obesity and Periodontal Disease in Young, Middle and Older Adults Journal of Periodontology. 74 (5): 610-615.
Demko, C, Borawski, E. Stange, K, Debanne, S., Cooper, K., (2003). The use of indoor tanning facilities by white adolescents in the United States. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. 157 (9): 854-860.
Hack, M., Flannery, D., Klein, N., Schluchter, M., Cartar, L., Borawski, E. (2002). Young Adult Outcomes of Very Low Birth Weight Children. New England Journal of Medicine. 346 (3); pp. 149-157.
Kelly (Stewart), S., Borawski, E., Flocke, S., Keen, K. (2002). The Role of Sequential and Concurrent Sexual Relationships in the Risk of STDs Among Adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health. 32:296-305.
Wade, S., Borawski, E., Taylor, G., Drotar, D., Yeates, K., Stancin, T. (2001). Relationship of caregiver coping to family outcomes during the initial year following pediatric traumatic brain injury. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 69 (3); 406-415.
Baker, D., Sudano, J., Albert, J., Borawski, E., Dor, A. (2001). Lack of health insurance and the risk of a decline in self-reported health and physical functioning. New England Journal of Medicine. 345 (15); pp. 1106-1112.
Goodwin, M., Flocke, S., Borawski, E., Zyzanski, S., Stange, K. (1999). Direct observation of Preventative service delivery to adolescents seen in community family practices. Archives of Ped. and Adolescent Medicine. 153: 367-373.
Borawski, E., Jia, H., Moriarty, D., Wu, G., and Zack M. Emotional distress among adults in the US using the BRFSS. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 1998; 47 (16): 325-331.
Liang, J., Borawski-Clark, E., Liu, X., and Sugisawa, H. (1996) Transitions in cognitive status among the aged in Japan. Social Science and Medicine. 43 (3): 325-337.
Borawski-Clark, E., Kinney, J., Kahana, E. (1996) The meaning of older adults' health appraisals: Congruence with Objective Indicators and as Determinants of Mortality. Jour of Gerontology: Social Sciences. 51 (3): S157-S170.
Hack, M., Weissman, B., Breslau, N., Klein, N., Borawski-Clark, E., Fanaroff, A.A. (1993) Health of very low birthweight children during their first eight years. Journal of Pediatrics, 122: 887-892.
Hack, M., Breslau, N., Weissman, B., Aram, D.A., Klein, N, & Borawski, E. (1991). Effect of very low birth weight and subnormal head size on cognitive abilities at school age. New Eng Journal of Medicine, 325, pp. 231-237.
- Technical Reports (Click here for pdfs of reports)
- Borawski, E., Male, M., Brooks, A., Merritt, E., Jankus, D., Olds, RS, Savarda, D.,Subhas, N., Trapl, E. (2008). Evaluation of the Ohio Tobacco Prevention and Control Community Grants Program. 208 pp. Cleveland: OH: Ohio Tobacco Research and Evaluation Center at Case Western Reserve University.
Trapl, E.S., Subhas, N., Brooks, A., Borawski, E.A. Ohio Tobacco Key Indicators Supplement: A Comparative Study of Ohio Tobacco Indicators. 84 pp. Cleveland, OH: Case Western Reserve University; June 2008.
Przepyszny K, & Borawski E. (June 2008). Data Brief: Adult Tobacco Use in Cuyahoga County, 5 Year Trends (2003-2007). Cleveland, OH: Center for Health Promotion Research at Case Western Reserve University.
Przepyszny K, & Borawski E. (June 2008). Data Brief: Cuyahoga County BRFSS Methodology, 2003 -2007. Cleveland, OH: Center for Health Promotion Research at Case Western Reserve University.
Borawski E, & Przepyszny K. (March 2008). Data Brief: Asthma in Cleveland, 2005-2006. Cleveland, OH: The Center for Health Promotion Research at Case Western Reserve University.
Borawski E, & Przepyszny K. (March 2008). Data Brief: Tobacco Use in Cleveland, 2005-2006. Cleveland, OH: The Center for Health Promotion Research at Case Western Reserve University.
Przepyszny K, & Borawski E. (March 2008). Data Brief: Diabetes in Cleveland, 2005-2006. Cleveland, OH: The Center for Health Promotion Research at Case Western Reserve University
Borawski, E. A., Prepyszny, K., Subhas, N., Russell, M.E., and Trapl, E.S. (2007). Smoking Cessation in Cuyahoga County 2003-2006 Data Brief . Cleveland: Center for Health Promotion Research at Case Western Reserve University.
Borawski, E. A., Prepyszny, K., Subhas, N., Russell, M.E., and Trapl, E.S. (2007). Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Cuyahoga County 2003-2006 Data Brief. CHPR at Case Western Reserve University
Borawski, E. A., Prepyszny, K., Subhas, N., Russell, M.E., and Trapl, E.S. (2007). Tobacco Use in Cuyahoga County 2003-2006 Data Brief. Cleveland: Center for Health Promotion Research at Case Western Reserve University.
Trapl, E. S., Subhas, N., Brooks, A., Savarda, D., Cox, M., Olds, R.S., Drzayich Jankus, D., and Borawski, E.A. (2007). Ohio Tobacco Key Indicators Report. Cleveland: Center for Health Promotion Research at Case Western Reserve University
Borawski E, Przepyszny K, Olds RS, Subhas N. (May 2007). Ohio Adult Tobacco Report: 2006 Adult Tobacco Survey. Cleveland, OH: Ohio Tobacco Research and Evaluation Center at Case Western Reserve University.
Last Updated (Friday, 31 August 2012 01:33)